The Evolution of Dust Opacity in Core Collapse Supernovae and the Rapid Formation of Dust in Their Ejecta

Dwek, Eli and Sarangi, Arkaprabha and Arendt, Richard G. (2019) The Evolution of Dust Opacity in Core Collapse Supernovae and the Rapid Formation of Dust in Their Ejecta. The Astrophysical Journal, 871 (2). L33. ISSN 2041-8213

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The gravity wave source, GW170817, and associated gamma-ray burst (GRB), GRB 170817A, produced radio emission that was detected in multiple epochs of Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) and with broadband radio photometry. Three unique pieces of observational evidence were determined: a discrete radio-emitting region that moves with an apparent velocity of ≈4c, a discrete region that includes all of the radio flux, and a likely synchrotron self absorption (SSA) spectral turnover on day ∼110 and day ∼160 after ejection. This unprecedented wealth of data for a GRB provides a unique opportunity to understand the radio-emitting plasma that was ejected by the putative merger event. The velocity can constrain the kinematics, and the SSA turnover has been used to constrain the size to one that is much smaller than can be done with an unresolved VLBI image, allowing one to estimate the associated plasmoid size directly from the data and improve estimates of the energetics. Models of the radio emission for both a turbulent, protonic, discrete ballistic ejection and a high dissipation region within an otherwise invisible Poynting flux dominated positron–electron jet are considered. On days ∼110 and ∼160 post-merger, for the range of models presented, the jet power is 2 × 1039–8 × 1040 erg s−1 and the ballistic plasmoid kinetic energy is 3 × 1045–1.5 × 1047 erg. Even though only valid after day 110, this independent analysis augments traditional GRB light curve studies, providing additional constraints on the merger event.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Science Repository > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Managing Editor
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2023 06:37
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2023 03:46

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