Calprotectin as a Possible Biomarker in Various Lung Diseases

Abbas, Maryam and Ijishakin, Olumide and Gopal, Shwetha and Saeed, Iqra and Arcot, Shilpa and Okezie, Chidera Emmanuel and Agbo, Gift Joanna and Ezeamii, Victor Chiedozie and Ajayi, Omobolaji Samuel and Amanze, Ngozi and Alzaki, Sadam and Isaac, Tambi and Shahnoor, Husna and Okunzuwa, Efe and Alfy, Amy (2023) Calprotectin as a Possible Biomarker in Various Lung Diseases. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 35 (22). pp. 248-261. ISSN 2456-8899

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Calprotectin (CLP) comprises two calcium-binding proteins from the S-100 protein family, S100A8 and S100A9. CLP involves various cellular processes in lung health and disease, including anti-microbial functions, pro- and anti-tumor properties, angiogenesis, DNA damage response, and extracellular matrix remodeling. The systematic review explores the potential of calprotectin as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for various respiratory diseases. The study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and comprehensively searched electronic databases. Of 290 initially identified studies, 13 were included Olumide Ijishakin in the review, covering conditions such as cystic fibrosis (CF), lung cancer, COVID-19, asthma, and interstitial lung disease. For CF, fecal calprotectin showed promise as a non-invasive biomarker for diagnosing and monitoring pulmonary exacerbations. In lung cancer, calprotectin and other markers demonstrated potential for identifying high-risk individuals. In COVID-19, calprotectin levels were associated with disease severity and mortality risk. For asthma, calprotectin's role in neutrophil activation and neutrophilic asthma development was investigated. The review emphasizes the importance of robust biomarkers in improving disease management, reducing mortality rates, and enhancing patient care for respiratory conditions. Further research and validation studies are needed to establish the clinical utility of calprotectin as a biomarker for respiratory diseases.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Science Repository > Medical Science
Depositing User: Managing Editor
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2023 05:46
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2023 05:46

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