Association of Maternal Risk Factors with the Prevalence of Caesarean Section Deliveries: A Cross-Sectional Study

Pavlidou, Eleni and Antasouras, Georgios and Papadopoulou, Sousana K. and Alexatou, Olga and Papandreou, Dimitrios and Mentzelou, Maria and Tsourouflis, Gerasimos and Louka, Aikaterini and Rodopaios, Nikolaos E. and Chrysafi, Maria and Sampani, Anastasia and Giaginis, Constantinos (2023) Association of Maternal Risk Factors with the Prevalence of Caesarean Section Deliveries: A Cross-Sectional Study. Medical Sciences, 11 (4). p. 66. ISSN 2076-3271

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In the last few years, there has been a gradually increasing rate of caesarean section deliveries worldwide that negatively affects both mothers’ and children’s health. The present survey intended to explore the relations of common maternal risk factors with the prevalence of caesarean sections. This is a cross-sectional study including 5182 healthy mothers from geographically diverse regions of Greece, which has applied relevant inclusion and exclusion criteria. An elevated 56.4% incidence of caesarean sections was noted. The prevalence of caesarean section deliveries was estimated to be 51.5% in private hospitals and 48.5% in public hospitals. Maternal age, pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity, excess gestational weight gain, preterm birth, financial status, smoking habits, and private type of birth hospital were considerably associated with a high probability of caesarean section, regardless of several confounders. In conclusion, caesarean section rates are constantly increasing, and various maternal risk factors additively elevate its incidence, which additionally enhances the likelihood of postpartum complications for both the mothers and their infants. Public health procedures and approaches are strongly recommended to notify future mothers of the potential risk factors that may result in adverse pregnancy outcomes of caesarean section delivery, highlighting its use only for emergency medical reasons and also promoting healthier nutritional and lifestyle habits that may reduce the increasing prevalence of caesarean section deliveries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Science Repository > Medical Science
Depositing User: Managing Editor
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2023 12:11
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2023 12:11

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